The best coffees are made with beans from all around the world.
For the uninitiated, that means beans from Brazil, Ecuador, New Zealand, the Caribbean and the US.
The rest of the world has been known to roast their own coffee.
But this year, we’re getting closer to having beans from the world’s top-producing nation.
According to a report released today, the United States has surpassed China and India as the world leader in the production of coffee beans.
The report, which was published by the Global Coffee Initiative (GCEI), surveyed coffee farms across the globe and found that US farms produce almost twice as many beans per hectare as any other country in the world, and that the US is leading the way with nearly 80 per cent of its production from beans grown in the US (see map).
“We are the number one coffee producer in the planet,” said GCEI Director for Food and Agriculture Daniela Galdos.
“We are going to be the number two coffee producer by 2050.”
The GCET’s report found that the United State produces about 2.6 million tonnes of coffee per year, and has a growing domestic market.
The US is second only to Brazil in coffee production, and it has been the world top coffee producer for nearly a decade.
The United States is also home to a large domestic coffee market, with more than 50 million tonnes being exported annually, with the US selling more than 4 million tonnes to Canada and Europe.
The US is also a major exporter of cocoa beans, with US producers producing more than a million tonnes annually, making them the world champion in the cocoa bean sector.
“The US has a strong and growing coffee industry, and we’re seeing it grow,” Galdis said.
“And that is just one part of what makes the US the leader.”
The US also has an extremely strong reputation as a supplier of organic coffee, with coffee grown on less than two per cent per hectal of land being certified organic by the World Health Organization (WHO).
“It’s important to understand that there’s a lot of other factors that come into play when it comes to the sustainability of the coffee industry in the United Stated,” said Sarah Wannett, an associate professor at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
“It’s a very complicated sector to be a part of.
And there’s not a lot we can do about it.”
A coffee farm in the Dominican Republic.
Photo: Flickr/Miguel BuesoGerald Eriksen, a professor of agronomy at the US Department of Agriculture, said the US coffee industry was a global one.
“We have a very strong coffee industry that is producing a lot more coffee in the developing world than in the developed world,” Eriksens said.
“So there’s definitely a growing awareness that there is a role for coffee to be part of the global food system, but also to be an integral part of agriculture, especially in developing countries.”
The report also found that farmers are producing more beans per acre of land than ever before, and they are also growing more than ever in the country where coffee is grown.
According to the GCEEI, the number of farms producing beans per hectares has increased by 20 per cent since 2010.
The increase in the number is due to better technology, but more importantly, farmers are increasing the number and variety of coffee crops, and moving to new growing areas to get the best yields possible.
The global market for coffee is expected to reach $6 trillion by 2020, and the world market for milk chocolate is forecast to double by 2020.